A lot of us are aware of STDs but a few have a proper idea about it. What you know might be or might not be appropriate information about STDs. You might have heard or read about HIV but it is not the only STD which affects the humankind. There are several infections which can be transmitted sexually. Besides, PVI or penile-vaginal intercourse is not the sole way of contracting STDs. Your awareness can help you and your partner to stay away from sexually transmitted diseases. Through this article, you will have proper knowledge about STDs. Further, it will help you get of the myths we hear from people.
It is a form of bacteria which is a common sexually transmitted disease. Highly prevalent in the US, this STD condition is mostly researched by the CDCP or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There are a few symptoms which Chlamydia patient experiences. These symptoms are pain during urination and sex, yellow or green discharge from the vagina or penis and lower abdominal pain. An untreated Chlamydia condition can lead to infertility, testicles infection, urethra infection, pelvic inflammatory disease, etc. A woman affected by Chlamydia during her pregnancy period can pass the disease to her baby as well. This, in turn, can cause severe health conditions for the baby. These conditions are blindness, pneumonia and eye infections.
HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)
HPV is a virus which one person can transmit into another. This can be caused by intimate contact, PVI, etc. The HPV has a couple off strains and the effect of each strain varies from the other. Some common symptoms of Human Papilloma Virus are warts on the throat and genitals. The most dangerous strains of HPV can cause cancer as well. Oral cancer, rectal cancer, penile cancer, vulvar cancer, and cervical cancer are common cancer conditions due to HPV. According to the National Cancer Institute, HPV 16 and 18 are cancer-causing HPV strains in the US. As much as 70% of cervical cancer in the US is caused by HPV.
Just like Chlamydia, this too is a bacterial infection. At the early stages of Syphilis, it cannot be traced due to lack of symptoms. The first physical symptom of Syphilis is small round sore also called chancre. This can develop in mouth, genitals, and anus. The chancre is a primary symptom of Syphilis but it is painless. As a result, it goes unnoticed by most patients. The other symptoms start showing up, which is weight loss, joint pain, hair loss, fatigue, skin rashes, etc. Untreated Syphilis can lead to memory loss, spinal infection, mental illness, heart conditions, loss of vision and hearing. In the case of pregnant women, Syphilis can be deadly for their baby. Early diagnosis and treatment are recommended.
HIV is one of the most dangerous STD in this list. It effectively damages the immune system of the patient and exposes the body to a lot more risky situations. With a low immune system, the patient is prone to contracting other viruses, infections, and bacteria. A patient suffering from HIV if left it untreated then can develop to AIDS. The 3rd stage of HIV is called AIDS. In the initial stage of HIV, the person affected by it experiences symptoms like rashes, sore throat, nausea, fever, swollen lymph nodes, etc. These symptoms last for a month or so. Once these symptoms fade out, the person carries the virus without any further symptom for years. As of now, it is an untreatable health condition which acts as slow poisoning for your body. An HIV positive person can pass on the disease to their partner unknowingly. It is recommended to have safe sex even if you are not affected by HIV.
Also known as the clap, Gonorrhea is a bacterial STD. It is quite common in the US and goes unnoticed due to no symptoms. In some cases, patients experience a common symptom of white, green, yellow and beige discharge from the vagina or penis. Other symptoms include, sore throat, itching around the genitals, unusual urination and pain during sex, etc. Untreated Gonorrhea may lead to infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, etc. A child may contract the disease from the mother at birth. This, in turn, can cause life-threatening damage to the child. It is recommended to get tested for gonorrhea during the pregnancy period.
Pubic lice are commonly known as crabs which nests in the pubic hair. These tiny insects are similar to the body or head lice as they feed on blood. There are some symptoms of pubic like which will help you detect the condition. These symptoms are itching around the anus and genitals, irritability, small red or pink bumps on the genital, lack of energy, etc. Patients can also experience white small beads on their pubic hair. These are the eggs of pubic lice. It can easily spread from one person to another by skin to skin contact, sharing the same bed, towel, clothes, etc.
Trich or Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a protozoan organism. It can easily pass from one person to another through PVI or penile-vaginal intercourse and other forms of genital contact. According to CDCP, as low as 20% of trich patients develop symptoms like frequent urination, itchiness around the vagina and penis, discharge from penis and vagina, etc. In some cases, women develop a fishy smell from vaginal discharge. An untreated Trichomonias is a condition leads to urethra infection and infertility in women.
The virus HSV is also known as Herpes which has two strains. These strains are HSV-1 and HSV-2. The disease is a common STD and common among people of the age group 15 to 45 in the US. The HSV-1 strain causes oral herpes whereas the HSV-2 strain causes genital herpes. Both the strains of Herpes can be passed on by oral sex, PVI, and anal sex. The symptoms of herpes are cold sores and blistery sores in the mouth and around the genitals.